What is a Fiber Optic Router?

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What exactly is a fiber optic router and how does it provide faster speeds?  A fiber optic router has specific features to harness the lightning-fast speeds of fiber optic networks (Fiber-To-The-Home or FTTH) from your ISP.  Your router or modem does not directly connect to the fiber optic cable, but rather, it connects to an Optical Network Terminal (ONT) that converts the fiber optic signals into Ethernet.  Here’s what you need to know:


Fiber Routers

A fiber router, or fiber optic router, is a router that is specifically equipped to support fiber Internet. Fiber offers a super fast Internet connection and does so by sending pulses of infrared light through an optical fiber cable. A fiber optic router is able to get all of the fiber optic speed through to your network, whereas a non-fiber router isn’t equipped for that. If you have fiber Internet installed in your home, you need a good wireless router to support it. 


Fiber Internet & ONT 

Typically, when you purchase a fiber optic Internet plan, your  ISP will install their own modem and router that you rent from them. The fiber optic modem from your ISP is often referred to as an Optical Network Terminal (ONT), which means that it transforms the optical signal received from your ISP and provides an Ethernet port to plug into your fiber optic router. 

The ONT acts like a modem but is specific to fiber. The way that it connects and works with the fiber router might sound similar to a cable modem router or gateway, but it is different.


ONT vs Cable Modem Router

A cable modem router (sometimes called a gateway) is different than ONT in few ways. For one, a cable modem router is a single device. An ONT and fiber router connection is made up of two separate devices. 

Second, a cable modem router works with coaxial cabling that exists in your home already, so no additional cable installation. An ONT must connect with a fiber router, and also requires you to have fiber cabling installed in your home. 


Why would you choose a fiber router?

The best reason to choose a fiber router is if you have already had fiber installed in your home. That’s the only reason you would choose a fiber router. And, you would need a fiber-specific modem (ONT) to go with it. While fiber Internet is high-speed Internet, the overall installation is pricey and not for everyone.

However, you can still get fast and reliable Internet with a non-fiber modem and router. The type of devices that you choose comes down to your Internet setup, your situation, and your preferences. There isn’t a right or wrong answer to it, there’s just always a better solution for the situation you are in. 

In the market for fiber technology? Ask your ISP about Hitron’s offerings of ONT/ONU fiber hardware today. For more information on home networking solutions check out Hitron’s Learn Page.

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